While more than half of Americans can now access either medical or recreational marijuana (or both) in their home states, that doesn’t mean it’s easy for marijuana companies to spread the word about their products and services. That’s true even though a study published in the American Journal of Public Health in 2017 (funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse) found that marijuana advertising had already become commonplace in Oregon.

The study involved an online survey of 4,001 adults living in Oregon and tracked their exposure to marijuana ads between 2015 and 2016 after marijuana had been legalized for retail sales in the state. More than one in two respondents to the survey (54.8%) reported that they had seen a marijuana ad within the prior month. Primarily, they saw advertising on storefronts (74.5%), on sides of streets (66.5%), and on billboards (55.8%).

Note that two of those locations are directly related to the store’s location (on storefronts and on sides of streets). In other words, ambient marketing was working, but other forms of advertising weren’t – or more likely, other forms of advertising weren’t available to marijuana businesses due to marijuana advertising regulations.

Overcoming Marijuana Advertising Challenges in the United States

Marijuana advertising laws vary by state and often by municipality. While Oregon’s laws allow marijuana retailers to display signs, billboards, and more to promote their products, other states have much stricter rules. For example, some states require that all marketing materials and advertisements receive preapproval from specific governing bodies before they can be used. Other states restrict everything from signage to verbiage in marketing and advertising. In Connecticut, medical marijuana dispensaries have to follow 16 pages of advertising and marketing guidelines!

However, all hope is not lost for marijuana businesses. Marijuana brands cannot advertise through Google AdWords, and marijuana businesses that sell actual cannabis products cannot advertise through Facebook Ads, but that doesn’t mean there are no other options. It just means marketers need to reach a bit deeper into their bags of tactics, recall all of those traditional marketing opportunities they used to use 10 years ago, and get creative. As a 25-year marketing veteran, I think it’s an incredibly fun challenge!

So what’s a marijuana brand to do? Here are some opportunities to consider:

Digital Advertising

For digital marketing, programmatic ad buying can work very well, but it does need to be managed with human supervision to ensure your company doesn’t get in trouble. Automation can work, but proceed with caution!

Podcast Advertising

Can’t do radio advertising in your state? Consider advertising on podcasts. This is a strategy that MedMen, one of the largest cannabis brands in California and across the country, has done with great success.


Outreach can be extremely effective – not just traditional media outreach but also online publisher outreach. What sites publish content related to your business? Find them and pitch your story ideas. Even if a traditional media company won’t write a story about your brand, you might be able to write an article and get it published on an influential blog.

Email Marketing

The power of email marketing comes from your list of subscribers – a list that you have complete control over. Use it to build relationships with consumers that lead to sales and word-of-mouth marketing. Just be sure to choose an email marketing tool that allows you to send messages related to marijuana and always follow email marketing best practices.

Event Marketing

Be present at industry events. It’s that simple. The cannabis industry is growing quickly, but it’s still a fairly new industry. Consumers are still learning about marijuana products, and they attend events to become better educated. Attend industry events and speak with consumers and the press. You might even want to hold your own events! They don’t have to be huge conferences. Hold local events to educate your community. This type of brand building not only helps drives sales today but also helps build your brand reputation, which is essential when the market becomes more competitive in the future.

Experiential Marketing

In-store experiential marketing offers a number of opportunities to marijuana businesses. For example, set up an iPad in your store to capture customers’ email addresses (to build your email marketing list). You can even include a survey to learn about your customers’ preferences to better target them in your future email campaigns.

Learn from the Past to Prepare for the Future

There are many marijuana marketing challenges, but these obstacles don’t create a completely unchartered environment for marijuana businesses. The alcohol industry, pharmaceutical industry, and tobacco industries are filled with similar obstacles. Any business operating in a highly regulated industry must deal with advertising and marketing restrictions. I spent years working in the financial industry, and I can tell you the list of marketing restrictions I had to comply with was very long!

In other words, the marijuana industry might still be fairly new, but retailers and dispensaries do have other industries and histories that they can look to for guidance in terms of creative marketing. In fact, you can find some ideas to overcome marijuana advertising challenges here.

As the marijuana industry continues to grow, particularly as recreational marijuana grows, competition will become tougher. When supply outweighs demand, advertising and marketing becomes so much more important. The key for every marijuana-related business is to prepare a comprehensive, long-term marketing and advertising strategy now.

Even if things aren’t overly competitive today and advertising doesn’t seem like a necessary investment this year, it will become competitive and necessary in the near future. The winning businesses will be the ones that are ready for it.